There is a marvelous sense of completion in that phrase. 14 And the Word became flesh and lived among us, and we have seen his glory, the glory as of a father’s only son, full of grace and truth. by Colin Brown, p. 1179) says that the preposition in this verse “denotes a perpetual and rapid succession of blessings, as though there were no interval between the arrival of one blessing and the receipt of the next.” When you add in the idea of Jesus’ fullness, at the very least John wants us to see that in Him we get all the grace that we need. He is mentally incomplete because he does not know ultimate truth. Webster's 1828 Dictionary definition of grace - unmerited love and favor of God which is the spring and source of all benefits men receive from Him, including especially His assistance given man for his regeneration or sanctification. Pleroma describes a full measure or abundance with emphasis upon completeness. 8:16 Jer. “Stand on its banks,” he wrote, “and contemplate the flow of waters. May we learn to receive grace upon grace, so our lives will become richer and more beautiful and more joyful through grace! Dictionary of Biblical Imagery - The reference to fullness here is an intentional slap at the false teachers, who apparently used the same word, pleroma, to denote the totality of all the thousands of divine emanations of lesser gods. 9:16; Mk 2:21) In classical Greek pleroma described a ship, as it is filled ( manned) with sailors, rowers, and soldiers; (2) Figuratively - fullness, a total quantity, with emphasis upon completeness, full number, full measure, fullness, completeness, totality (of divinity, the divine nature in Christ = present in totality! He is also the sole Head of the Church, which receives from Him what He Himself possesses, and is endowed by Him with all that it requires for the realization of its vocation.” “The all things” is “the whole system of things, made by Christ, and having in Him the ground of its being, its continuance, its order (Heb. 1:3, Col. 1:16, 17, 1Cor. "In the beginning was Pleroma means the full realization in time of God’s predestined plans revealed in the Scripture. "After six days Jesus took with him Peter, James and John the brother of James, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. The hardest kind of courage was exhibited by Peter (John 21:15-19). He is the Fullness. Ro 15:29 I know that when I come to you, I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ. John … Yes. In him there is nothing left out; he is the full revelation of God, and nothing more is necessary." Kent Hughes - Scripture says we have “all” received his “fullness.” It is simply a matter of receiving grace upon grace upon grace, allowing God to put it to work within us. Isaiah preached this to the Jews about one hundred years before they went into captivity to Babylon. (Jn 1:14) The simple picture is of grace piled upon grace. This word referred to a full container, but it also had abstract meanings. 15 (John testified to him and cried out, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me ranks ahead of me because he was before me.’ ”) 16 From his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. Prophecy likewise found its fulfillment par excellence in the person of Christ. Divine fullness establishes Christ’s superiority beyond doubt. On the other end of the scale a baby was spoken of as being "full term." ", Bible paraphraser J.B. Phillips explained the fullness of the Holy Spirit in another way: "Every time we say, 'I believe in the Holy Spirit,' we mean that we believe that there is a living God, able and willing to enter human personality and change it. Christ it the totality of God and that is every believer's goal in this life, which of course we can never attain, but toward which we continually strive [our part in sanctification] = the process of sanctification by the Spirit and the Word [God's provision for sanctification or growth in Christ-likeness, into the "fullness of Christ."].). Here the conception is that this plenitude of the divine powers and qualities which is in Christ is imparted by Him to His Church, so that the latter is pervaded by His presence, animated by His life, filled with His gifts and energies and graces. In fact, there are more than thirty references to the fulfillment of prophecy in the person of Christ as the story is found in the Gospels. There is the 2nd plural ejqeasavmeqa of 1:14 (which are undoubtedly the words of the Evangelist ) which fits with hJmei'" pavnte" ejlavbomen of 1:16. It is poetic prose—prose with the soul of poetry—prose that, like poetry, packs layers of meaning in a word or phrase. All rights reserved). Jn 1:16 For of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. Vincent's Note on Pleroma - The word fullness is found here only in John, but frequently occurs in the writings of Paul, whose use of it in Ephesians and Colossians illustrates the sense in John; these being Asiatic churches which fell, later, within the sphere of John's influence. William Barclay adds that in Col 2:9, "Pleroma means fullness, completeness. As— I. The person on the line said with obvious excitement, “I need to see you. 1 Co 4:9-13 b. Barclay - In Colossians 2:9 he says in Christ there dwelt the pleroma of deity in a bodily form. W E Vine - what still greater blessings will accrue from their ultimate national restoration? They bore witness through their lives and death a. As distinct from the present, we should not try to get a living, present nourishment out … At salvation, believers become “partakers of the divine nature” (2 Pet. Ruth 1 Commentary: Hope for Bethlehem. Indeed, John the Baptist was just quoted in the preceding passage, but most modern scholars feel that Jn 1:16-18 represents John the Gospel writer's comments. God is possessed, is known; the destiny of man begins again to be realized. Eph 1:23 which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all. The word pleroma, here applied to Israel, indicates the time when as a nation they will all be converted (Ed: Those that believe will be converted - 1/3 will believe, 2/3's will not - see Zech 13:8), in contrast to the present existence of a remnant. But is it the same water? 50:12 Ps. Daily devotional with John Piper. Thus Herodotus (iii., 59), “They bought the island, for (anti) money.” So Mt 5:38, “An eye for (anti) an eye,” etc. In Col 1:19, 2:9, the whole pleroma or every plenitude of the Godhead, the very fulness of the Godhead, the totality of the divine powers and qualities, is said to be recognized as Framer and Governor of the world, and there is neither need nor place for any intermediate beings as agents in those works of creating, upholding and administering. “A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me, because I go to the Father.” 1Chr. This grand motif then informs the section on practical living. It is an inexhaustible and ever-fresh supply. (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Every believer possesses all of Jesus today that they will possess of Him for all eternity. I once heard someone describe his troublesome life like this: “Each day is just yesterday warmed up!” Yes, life sometimes dishes up a diet of old problems disguised as new ones. So they answered Joshua, saying, "All that you command us we will do, and wherever you send us we will go. They contend that if John had meant “grace upon grace,” he would have used another preposition, epi. 17 The law indeed was given through Moses; grace and truth came … (Preaching the Word). "What happens," he would ask, "if you are carrying a cup of water and you are jostled?" Your life today may carry yesterday’s problems, but remember, God’s grace is new each morning, exactly what you need to meet each new challenge. At the command of the skipper the same tanks were filled with air; as air forced out water, the craft surfaced. The apostle John said that Jesus is full of grace and truth, and He supplies us with “grace for grace” (1:14,16). Years ago, Amy Carmichael shared some helpful insights about the phrase, “grace for grace.” Drawing from the writings of Bishop Moule (1841-1920), she wrote that the Greek word translated “for” literally means “instead of.” He illustrated the meaning by describing a river. John 20:28-29. All of those who received Jesus, receive His grace upon grace. The gift of grace makes men fit for salvation, miraculously making separated strangers into God's beloved sons. Vincent - John's meaning (of His fullness) is that Christians receive from the divine completeness whatever each requires for the perfection of his character and for the accomplishment of his work (compare Jn 15:15; Jn 17:22). There is a void in the life of every person which can only be filled by God. (3) Fulfillment, full performance (Ro 13:10 speaking of love); (4) Fulfillment of time - the totality of a period of time, a period of time, when all intended within it has been accomplished (Gal 4:4, Eph 1:10). 12:9; Eph. John 1:16 For of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. 1:23; 4:13) and the angelic levels. This idea is at the root of the peculiar sense in which the preposition is used here. 1 a In the b beginning was the Word, and the c … NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: MARK 1:21-28 21 They went into Capernaum; and immediately on the Sabbath … Jesus is the only mediator between God and man (cf. No.” The old water, he explained, had been displaced by new—”water instead of water.” (See full devotional below). 1. The world can never give us the lasting joy we find in Christ. Grace is ours. In Ephesians 1:23, Paul says that the church is the pleroma of Christ: i.e., the plenitude of the divine graces in Christ is communicated to the Church as His body, making all the body, supplied and knit together through the joints and bands, to increase with the increase of God (Col 2:19; compare Eph 4:16). MacArthur - The church is the fulness or complement (pleroma) of Christ. But is it the same water? 3. From this passage some lessons of great importance come to us. It’s an inexhaustible supply. NLT: We have all benefited from the rich blessings he brought to us--one gracious blessing after another. Vincent - The preposition antí originally means over against; opposite; before (in a local sense). Jesus Christ, in His life, death, and resurrection, met all the demands of the Law; now God is free to share fullness of grace with those who trust Christ. Mark 1 – The Beginning of the Gospel A. Giving credence to the truthfulness of their testimony! What a remarkable claim that is which the Apostle here makes for his Master! On a slightly different tack, the word referred to the crew of a ship: a ship was "fully manned." Each day God sends His loving grace Only when Christ Jesus fills that place is there true satisfaction. Mk 8:20 “When I broke the seven for the four thousand, how many large baskets full of broken pieces did you pick up?” And they *said to Him, “Seven.”. (New Testament Words in Today’s Language). Mk 2:21 “No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; otherwise the patch pulls away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear results. 96:11 Ps. Mark introduces Jesus to us as an adult, telling us that Jesus was “a man from Nazareth” whose advent fulfills the arrival of God’s salvation as foretold by the prophet Isaiah. The Father is the originating cause (source), and the Son is the means by which the world came into being (Rev. A minute passes, and another. Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) Scofield: Definitions: Interlinear: Library: Topical Studies: X-References The NET Bible conveys the meaning clearly rendering it "A partial hardening has happened to Israel until the full number of the Gentiles has come in." Biblical Commentary (Bible study) John 1:1-18 EXEGESIS: JOHN 1:1-18. Paul’s warning against the false doctrine thus rests on the fact that it was in Christ that the whole fulness dwelt. Ruth 1 Commentary: Verses 1 and 2 KJV Ruth 1:1 ¶ Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. Jesus is referred to using the Greek word Logos, meaning “The Word.” This passage clearly describes Jesus as identical to God, and co-creator with God. Knowledge of this fullness is part of the gnōsis for which Paul prayed for the Colossians. The Gnostics taught Christ was kind of “halfway house” to God, a link in the chain with other better links on ahead. Grace addresses man's sin, while mercy addresses man's misery. Phil. Notes. “Wherefore, having provided and dispensed the first graces before their recipients have waxed wanton through satiety, he subsequently bestows different graces in exchange for (anti) those, and a third supply for the second, and ever new ones in exchange for the older.”, Steven Cole - we do need to consider what John means by the phrase, “grace upon grace.” John uses a Greek preposition, anti, that means that one thing is replaced by another or put in the place of another. 5:2; Eph. In spite of all this, I am not convinced that 1:16-18 should be understood as a continuation of the Baptist’s testimony for the following reasons: 1. Eph 4:13 until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of the stature which belongs to the fullness of Christ. τί ἐσόμεθα, οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἐὰν φανερωθῇ, ὅτι ὀψόμεθα αὐτὸν καθώς ἐστι, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Pleroma - 17x in 17v in the NAS - NAS Usage = all...contains(1), fulfillment(2), full(2), fullness(10), patch(2). He obtains anew, in the form of grace and truth (John 1:16-18), those treasures of life and light, which the Word has spread abroad in the world (John 1:4). There are several nuances of pleroma in the NT uses... (1) Literally full or filled up - contents. It is from Christ and Christ alone, that all our spiritual wants have been supplied. Grace without truth would be deceitful, and truth without grace would be condemning. Similarly he prays (Eph 3:19) that the brethren may be filled unto all the pleroma of God: i.e., that they may be filled with the fullness which God imparts. Christ is fully God (Col 2:9) and we are fully complete in Him (Col 2:10). Questions and answers with John Piper. I received a phone call first thing one morning. Fulfillment of a goal (Eph 4:13 = Paul is speaking in the context of the believers in the Church, where God wants every believer to manifest the qualities of His Son, Who is Himself the standard for their spiritual maturity and perfection. THE PROLOGUE TO THE GOSPEL OF JOHN The Gospel of John weds theology to poetry. Guy King - In ringing tones he declares, "I am not ashamed of the gospel of CHRIST", Romans 1:16; and he unfolds the reasons why he was not ashamed, in the use of those four "for's" in Romans 1:16-18: (1) "For" the People it serves: Roman, Jew, Greek, so universal in its range. By definition, then, to be filled with God is to be emptied of self. D A Carson explains John's use of pleroma in this context - John 1:14 described the glory of God manifest in the incarnate Word as full of grace and truth. In Him, Comment: Here pleroma refers to the fulfillment, full end, or completion of time, the full period. It speaks of a container or a vessel which is full. Detzler - fulfillment of time. Phillips: Indeed, every one of us has shared in his riches - there is a grace in our lives because of his grace. (2Pet 1:3). A person was "full of years," meaning that he was very old. When the chambers were filled with water the submarine sank slowly beneath the waves and. The goal now of course is for Jesus to possess "all of our heart" today, which is the essence of the Spirit's work of daily, progressive sanctification (setting us apart from the world and unto God) in believers (cp Php 1:6). Christ can hold all the fullness of deity, believers cannot. JESUS' RISE FROM OBSCURITY FOLLOWED BY OPPOSITION  I need to have breakfast and have my hair done. J B Lightfoot on pleroma - On the one hand, in relation to Deity, He is the visible image of the invisible God. Though, the word beheld is stronger than the words "saw" or "looked. " Thayer gives the following: “that which is or has been filled; used of a ship inasmuch as it is filled (i.e., manned) with sailors, rowers, and soldiers; in the NT, the body of believers, as that which is filled with the presence, power, agency, riches of God and of Christ.” Alford says, “the meaning being, that the Church, being the Body of Christ, is dwelt in and filled with God: it is His pleroma (fulness) in an especial manner—His fulness abides in it and is exemplified by it.”, Salmond (Expositor's Greek Testament) Pleroma is to be taken in the passive sense here, as is done by most commentators, and the idea is that the Church is not only Christ’s body but that which is filled by Him. Solid Joys. John himself had seen that very Shekinah glory upon Jesus during the transfiguration, and, with Peter and James, "were eyewitnesses of his majesty" (2 Peter 1:16-18). Indeed there was grace in the Law which came through Moses, but the grace of God which appeared at the incarnation overwhelms all previous manifestations. Enduring great hardship for their testimony - cf. John has just used received (lambano) in Jn 1:12 of those who received Jesus Christ as Savior and who thereby became children of God. Because of this preposition commentators have argued over the meaning of grace upon grace (discussed below), but most common people are not able to "nuance" the Greek and take God's Word with simple minds and humble hearts, which is why I favor the interpretation of grace piled upon grace, always enough no matter the need! It was into such a tiresome, troublesome world that Jesus came. John Eadie - "The word (pleroma), we apprehend, is rightly taken in a passive sense—that which is filled up." Daily devotional with John Piper. "The whole total of the Godhead" was pleased to dwell in Christ = Christ has ALL the divine attributes in himself. Its source is Christ's abundant Person (cf. Another scholar, Murray J. Harris (The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology [Zondervan], ed. In the Parable of the Patched Garment pleroma is translated "to patch" which means to complete or fill out the torn garment (Mt. A ship was filled with grain, for instance. Indeed, John the Baptist was just quoted in the preceding passage, but most modern scholars feel that Jn 1:16-18 represents John the Gospel writer's comments. (2) "For" the Power it shows: the dynamite (Gk.) Rom 8:4, 9–10); the immediate context shows his concern for obedience to the whole Torah (Rom 13:8–10). 24:1 Ps. The Eternal Word. There is no reference to the New Testament displacing the Old. 12:19 Ezek. God has a plan for our lives, and He will fulfill it if we allow Him to. (Why You Should Believe in Jesus John 1-15-18). The Bible uses both aspects of the word. Of Him Dr. Edman wrote: "The Spirit-filled life is no mystery revealed to a select few, no goal difficult of attainment. The Law makes demands. BY GOSPEL OF JOHN (shaded area). Grace upon grace - Christ can supply grace upon grace because He is "full of grace and truth." 4. 89:11 Ps. In Jesus the man who feels that he cannot cope with life will find the Master of life and the power to live. The Bauer-Arndt-Gingrich Greek-English Lexicon [University of Chicago Press], 2nd ed., p. 73) says that in John 1:16, anti means “grace pours forth in ever new streams.” (In the same vein, see A. T. Robertson, A Grammar of the Greek New Testament [Broadman Press], p. (Colossians Commentary). In Jesus the man to whom life is the search for knowledge will find the supreme revelation. Paul uses pleroma in Ro 11:25-note to describe the fulness of the Gentiles. The same order must be observed today." Steven Cole favors John 1:16 as explaining John 1:14. Col 1:19, Col 2:9), fullness of persons (Ro 11:25 full number of Gentiles; Eph 1:23 speaking of the Church, the body of Christ). And with this, his adequacy to meet every believer’s need fills his followers: “and you have been given fullness in Christ” (Col 2:10NIV). Pleroma is completion and describes what is fulfilled or is completed without any gap. IN JOHN'S GOSPEL, THE LIFE OF JESUS AS COVERED The Lord Jesus was born of the virgin, according to Galatians 4:4, ‘when the time had fully come’. For this totality Gnostic teachers had a technical term, the pleroma or plenitude.…In contrast to their doctrine, [Paul] asserts and repeats the assertion, that the pleroma abides absolutely and wholly in Christ as the Word of God. For - Always stop and interrogate this small but strategic term of explanation. Choose Book of Bible to StudyGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SolomonIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Search Wikipedia using spiritual discretion, John 1 - Cambridge Greek Testament Commentary, Why You Should Believe in Jesus John 1-15-18), Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Articles Sermons Topics Books Podcasts Filter Resources By Ask Pastor John. Yes. Revelation 4:7 describes the cherubim around God’s throne as beings with four faces: a lion, a calf, a man, and an eagle.By long tradition, the church has attributed one of these “faces” to each of the Gospels, according to the character and message of the particular Gospel. The most commonly held view is (2) in one sense or another, and this is probably the best explanation. Wuest: for out of His fulness as a source we all received, and grace in exchange for grace. So it is with Christians. More closely related to John's use of the term here are Col 1:19, “It pleased the Father that in Him (Christ) should all the fullness dwell;” and Colossians 2:9, Colossians 2:10, “In Him dwells all the pleroma of the Godhead bodily (i.e., corporally, becoming incarnate ), and in Him ye are fulfilled.” This declares that the whole aggregate of the divine powers and graces appeared in the incarnate Word, and corresponds with John's statement that “the Word became flesh and tabernacled among men, full of grace and truth;” while “you have been made complete (pleroo)” answers to John's “of His fullness we all received.” Hence John's meaning here is that Christians receive from the divine completeness whatever each requires for the perfection of his character and for the accomplishment of his work (compare John 15:15; John 17:22). We need but use this day's supply Paul Paul countered with the clear and indisputable truth that in Christ "all the fullness (pleroma) of Deity dwells (present tense = continually) in bodily form." This is a recurring theme in Ephesians. Actually it is a very pleasant means of travel. All rights reserved, Constable's discussion of grace upon grace -. (John 1:16-18 RSV) Notice the reappearance in Verse 17 of the words "grace and truth," and the contrast which John draws between them and the Law and Moses. The Bible also speaks of fullness in an abstract sense. All who believe have received grace upon grace. Colossians 2:9 puts it even more explicitly: “For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form” (NIV). disappeared. Thus the crew of a ship is called pleroma, its complement. (Lightfoot). (John 1 Commentary). And then he concludes: "So the church is named pleroma, or fulness, because it holds or contains the fulness of Christ" (p. 113). (Colossians Commentary). Winer cites a most interesting parallel from Philo. In Jesus the pleroma, the fullness of God, all that is in God, what Westcott called “the spring of divine life,” becomes available to men. A man can go to Jesus with any need and find that need supplied. —Anon. It spoke of the cargo of a ship. Sin"s work is vanquished; the communion with heaven is re-established. It is poetic prose—prose with the soul of poetry—prose that, like poetry, packs layers of meaning in bodily... Does not know ultimate truth. to poetry 1:23 which is His body, the period., or completion of time, the full realization in time of ’! Incomplete because he is mentally incomplete because he is the full period for grace which the preposition is used.! Gospel a the blessing of Christ `` for '' the Power it shows: the dynamite Gk... God 's beloved sons carrying a cup of water and you are jostled ''... John 1:1-18 this grand motif then informs the section on practical living is called pleroma, its.... 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