Livelihoods perspectives and rural development. The intersection of academic debate and practical action provided numerous insights and lessons (not all positive by any means) and, in the process, new articulations of livelihoods approaches were elaborated, linking livelihoods to debates on rights, governance and agrarian change, for example. With the establishment of the new DfID, and a commitment to a sustainable livelihoods approach to tackling poverty enshrined in a White Paper, the old Natural Resources Department transformed itself into a Livelihoods Department, later with its own Sustainable Livelihoods Support Office. How do different framings get negotiated? Another view, however, is that what livelihoods perspectives offer, these other perspectives often miss out on, with potentially damaging consequences. New perspectives on governance and rural development in Southern Africa, Dynamic systems and the challenge of sustainability, Analysing policy for sustainable livelihoods, Decentralisations in practice in Southern Africa, Rights talk and rights practice: challenges for Southern Africa, Green niches in sustainable development: the case of organic food in the United Kingdom, Social-ecological resilience and socio-technical transitions: critical issues for sustainability governance, Opening up and closing down: power, participation and pluralism in the social appraisal of technology. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) set up as a not-for-profit scientific trust with M. S. Swaminathan as the Founder-Chairman in 1988 is dedicated to sustainable agriculture, natural resources management and rural development. This must necessarily encompass questions of power and politics. B-242, Hill Road, B Sector. Livelihoods analysis, by the World Bank or any other actor, is not a neutral exercise; knowledge production is always conditioned by values, politics and institutional histories and commitments (Keeley and Scoones 2003). The evergreen revolution of MSSRF is designed to fight both the famines of food and rural livelihoods. Fourthly, it starts with analysis of strengths rather than of needs, and seeks to build on everyone's inherent potential. In long-run livelihood change, specific dynamic drivers, operating over decades, are highlighted as important. People's initiative and local knowledge enhances resilience to shocks and stresses. B-242, Hill Road, B Sector. In the present paper, we attempt to address the issues of poverty and rural livelihood strategies for the fishing communities of the Cameroonian floodplains of the Lake Chad Basin (Fig.1). Normal professionalism and the new paradigm are elaborated on in Chambers, Robert (1993), Challenging the Professions: Frontiers for Rural Development, Intermediate Technology Publi-cations, London, … World Bank 2007, 5, figure 2). However, the farmers’ livelihood is relatively low. Belonging to no discipline in particular, livelihoods approaches can allow a bridging of divides, allowing different people to work together – particularly across the natural and social sciences. Majority of the respondents observed climate changes in the last 10–20 years and perceived them to have affected their capital assets in the process of forming livelihoods. (1993), a moment had opened up to generate some productive conversation, even if largely on disciplinary economics' terms. As theories of modernisation came to influence development discourse, more mono-disciplinary perspectives ruled the roost. Any basic search of literature or development project material will uncover numerous mentions to livelihoods approaches, perspectives, methods and frameworks. What brought people together around such perspectives at a particular historical moment? Institutions – the rules of game governing access – are of course mediated by power relations. But what happens when contexts are the most important factor, over-riding the micro-negotiations around access to assets and the finely-tuned strategies of differentiated actors? Sustainable livelihoods framework: a checklist (Scoones 1998). This stated: A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities for a means of living. [12]. BNs reflect relationships of dependence between variables and represent all variables as probability distributions, which allows for the explicit propagation of variability and uncertainty between variables. 2002), river basin management (Cleaver and Franks 2005) and fisheries (Allison and Ellis 2001). First, is the deployment of normative assumptions. It had in many respects got stuck, both intellectually and practically. Second, the livelihoods literature is replete with classifications and typologies, often contrasting ideal types with alternatives with pejorative ascriptions. Scroll. Despite the claims of some genealogies of livelihoods thinking, such perspectives did not suddenly emerge on the scene in 1992 with the influential Chambers and Conway paper. They argue forcefully that livelihoods interventions in the study area have made no difference, and that people are stuck in a more fundamental trap which palliative, and very expensive, measures are not geared up to deal with. Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for the 21st century. The committee consisted of DfID staff, from a range of departments, as well as outsiders from the research and NGO community. And such critics had a point. 2001) and poverty reduction strategy papers (Norton and Foster 2001). 1997, 1999) and its more popular cousin, the sustainable livelihoods framework (Scoones 1998, Carney 1998) emphasised the economic attributes of livelihoods as mediated by social-institutional processes. Long-term change in African drylands: can recent history point towards development pathways? With the framing in terms of predictive models, of supply and demand, inputs and outputs, both micro and macro economics in different ways, offered a framing which suited the perceived needs of the time. In this article, we operationalized a sustainability framing based on the Sustainable Rural Livelihood Resources Framework (SLF), which consists of five capitals-human, physical, social, financial, and natural. Poverty and livelihoods: whose reality counts? This is conditioned by histories of places and peoples, and their wider interactions with colonialism, state-making and globalisation. This paper offers an historical review of key moments in debates about rural livelihoods, identifying the tensions, ambiguities and challenges of … LivingRoots Handmade participates in Who’s Next Paris SLRD ramping up production at largest apparel manufacturing unit in North East India. Where did these perspectives come from? One response might be: fair enough, livelihoods perspectives were never meant to do more than this, and different approaches are needed for these new problems. 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